Official Development Assistance (ODA) is aid from a rich state to a poor state. It takes the form of loans with preferential terms, and even grants for the least developed countries. In 2018, France spent 0.43% of its GDP on official development aid, or € 10.3 billion.
0.5% of GDP by 2022
Nearly half of this aid is directed to Africa and the Middle East. But according to Flore Gubert, research economist at the Research Institute for Development (IRD), this aid is not the right tool to curb immigration. “It is not at all the poorest countries that send the most migrants to France, they are middle-income countries like Morocco or Algeria and not Mali or Niger”, the researcher points out.
Emmanuel Macron nevertheless hopes that ODA represents 0.5% of France's GDP by 2022.
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