Speed limited to 25 km / h, no traffic on the sidewalks, minimum age of 12 years: a decree published Friday incorporates electric scooters and other “personal commuting devices” to the Highway Code, to frame a practice that has exploded in recent years.
These rules, which come into force on Saturday (or July 1, 2020 for technological aspects), were claimed by public authorities and users, faced with a complicated cohabitation on the sidewalks and pavement and more and more accidents sometimes fatal , especially in Paris, Reims, Bordeaux, Yvelines and Pas-de-Calais.
In addition to the gyroroues and hoverboards, it is especially the scooters that are targeted. Real fashion phenomenon in many cities in France and Europe, their use has exploded for two years, including the rise of self-service rentals (“free floating”). In Paris, there are about 15,000 scooters.
. Parking: in Paris, scooter operators adapt to new rules
“There was a fundamental need to lay down rules, these vehicles existed, they were driving on the public road without a legal status,” says Inter-Ministerial Delegate for Road Safety Emmanuel Barbe. “There were also conflicts of use, and by setting the rules, it will simplify these conflicts and clarify things,” he says.
The law now provides that these machines must not be able to exceed a speed of 25 km / h, while some manufacturers offered the possibility of reaching up to 80 km / h. Driving a craft designed to exceed 25 km / h (by construction or after being unbridled) will be punishable by 1,500 euros fine, or even 3,000 euros for recidivism.
Like bicycles, they must be equipped with front and rear position lamps, a braking system and a buzzer.
Parking on the sidewalks
No more trips for two, sometimes with a child: the “motorized personal movement devices” (EDPM) can only carry one driver, who must be at least twelve years old. In case of non-compliance with the rule, one is liable to a fine of 35 euros.
These EDPMs must not “push or tow a load or a vehicle” or “be towed by a vehicle”. As with other vehicles, it is forbidden to wear headphones while driving.
No more slaloms on sidewalks in the middle of pedestrians: “the drivers of motorized personal transport devices must circulate on the strips or cycle tracks”, under penalty of 135 euros fine. In the absence of a bike path, they will be able to use roads limited to 50 km / h or less.
Traffic is prohibited on roads outside of urban areas, unless there is a derogation.
Mayors may indeed “allow the movement of machinery on the sidewalk, provided they respect the pace of pace and do not cause discomfort to pedestrians” or “allow traffic on roads whose maximum speed allowed is less than or equal to 80 km / h, provided that the condition and the profile of the carriageway and the traffic conditions allow it “, provides for the decree.
Wearing the compulsory helmet outside the agglomeration
“When traveling at night, or during the day when there is insufficient visibility,” an EDPM driver will have to wear either a high-visibility vest or retro-reflective equipment.
The wearing of such equipment, as well as that of a helmet, is obligatory in the case of a circulation -authorized- out of town.
Parking on the sidewalks is allowed, as long as it does not bother pedestrians.
But some mayors, like Anne Hidalgo in Paris, have already set their rules, sometimes more severe.
In the summer, the Paris City Hall had thus limited the speed of these machines to 20 km / h (8 km / h in pedestrian areas) and prohibited that they park on the sidewalk.
These rules frame the technical characteristics and the practice of the EDPMs. Regulation of the “free floating” market, another issue, will be fixed by the Mobility Orientation Law (LOM) currently under consideration in Parliament.