Tech

New world. France reflects on the impact of artificial intelligence

drones could take the initiative to shoot the enemy with artificial intelligence. Illustration photo. (MAXPPP)

Paris hosts an international conference on artificial intelligence “ethical and responsible” on Wednesday 30 and Thursday 31 October. How to take advantage of artificial intelligence without suffering the disadvantages? How can we avoid, for example, that software reproduce our machismo or racist prejudices? Should we allow robots-killers? What will be the impact of the AI ​​on the job market? So many questions debated in Paris at the Global Forum on AI for Humanity (GFAIH), in Paris. In other words, we speak of artificial intelligence at the service of humanity. Extensive program.

This is a public initiative, wanted and announced by Emmanuel Macron a year ago, which brings together 450 experts from 24 countries and which should lead to a kind of “IPCC Artificial Intelligence”, an international group of work for the coming years. The head of state intervenes on the spot today.

The questions concerning artificial intelligence are innumerable: security, confidentiality, ethics, economic, etc. For example, it is not yet clear whether artificial intelligence will replace jobs or simply tasks within certain trades. Today, AI software is perfectly capable of analyzing x-rays or keeping books, but are radiologists and accountants really threatened or their jobs will simply evolve? How will these professionals, and many others, adapt? What new jobs will emerge?

We are still very far today, a “strong AI” that could really “think”. We use “weak AI” that just brews large amounts of data at full speed. However, that already changes a lot of things.

One of the objects of this conference in Paris is to think about the possible establishment of new standards. For example, should we use autonomous weapons, which alone decide to open fire on an alleged enemy? Opinions are divided among countries on this issue and, at the same time, those with decision-making power rely more and more on AI-based tools. So we see that the border is thin.

Last April, the European Commission issued seven recommendations for an ethical IA: human control, privacy, security, transparency, etc. All this shows that we are still at the very beginning of the story.

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