Cries, joy and music. On the night of 9 to 10 November 1989, the Berlin Wall falls into turmoil. Berliners from East and West dance on the Lambada, the tube of the previous summer, to the Brazilian rhythm.
Since its construction in 1961, the wall has been both a source of inspiration for musicians and a theater of legendary concerts. Thus, in 1977, David Bowie made of the border separating the German capital the setting of a love story, with Heroes. Two lovers kiss at the foot of the wall, “as if nothing could fall”, sings the British artist. Yet, in June 1987, his song made the concrete building tremble. With Genesis and Eurythmics, he gives a concert in West Berlin, a few meters from the wall, to celebrate the 750th anniversary of the city. On the other hand, several hundred East Berliners are trying to listen to a few notes of the concert, despite the cordon of security put in place by the police. In July 1988, Bruce Springsteen performed in East Berlin. The “Boss”, at the height of his glory, addresses the crowd and calls for action “to break down all the barriers”. According to Guardian (in English)this concert creates a new breach in the wall, which falls sixteen months later.
In the days following the fall of the wall, Berlin becomes an open-air stage for artists. Mstislav Rostropovich places his cello at Checkpoint Charlie, one of the border posts on the wall, on November 11, 1989. Sitting on a chair borrowed from a nearby house, the Russian virtuoso interprets Suites of Johann Sebastian Bach. An improvised performance, “in memory of those who died for freedom”, says he. The next day, tens of thousands of Berliners attend a rock concert featuring bluesman Joe Cocker and several German artists, such as GDR punk singer Nina Hagen. Marius Müller-Westernhagen reached the top of the country's charts with the live version of Freiheit (“Freedom” in French), reports the magazine Der Spiegel (in German).
For New Year's Eve from 1989 to 1990, David Hasselhoff, the actor of the series Baywatch, climb on the remains of the wall. Wearing a flashing jacket, he sings Looking for Freedom, a German hit of the 1970s. In July 1990, Roger Waters, bassist of Pink Floyd, electrifies the city with a spectacular show in which a reconstruction of the wall, about twenty meters high, collapses. in front of the public. He plays the songs of the album “The Wall”, alongside stars of the time as Cyndi Lauper or the Germans of Scorpions. These come out Wind of Change, which becomes the best-selling song in the world in 1991. If the title evokes the fall of communist regimes all over Europe, it will become the unofficial hymn of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
At the beginning of the 1990s, Berlin's youth danced to the rhythm of techno. The clubs settle in the old derelict buildings of the old communist part of the city. German producers Dr. Motte and WestBam, pioneers of the movement, create in 1989 the first “Love Parade”, a festive and musical march through the streets of Berlin. Techno becomes the soundtrack of reunification.